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Demystifying PAYG Instalments What You Need to Know and How to Stay on Top of Your Tax Obligations

2023.02.28 - Demystifying PAYG Instalments Photo - Dolman BatemanPAYG (Pay As You Go) instalments are prepayments of tax made by businesses and individuals to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) throughout the year. The purpose of PAYG instalments is to help taxpayers manage their tax liabilities and avoid a large lump sum payment at the end of the financial year.

Who needs to pay PAYG instalments?

PAYG instalments are required for individuals who earn income outside of salary and wages, as well as for businesses that are not taxed through the PAYG withholding system. This includes businesses that are structured as partnerships, trusts, sole traders, and companies.

How are PAYG instalments calculated?

PAYG instalments are calculated based on the estimated tax liability for the financial year. The ATO provides several methods for calculating PAYG instalments, including:

  1. Instalment amount: This is the default method and involves the ATO calculating an instalment amount based on the most recent tax return lodged.
  2. Instalment rate: This method allows taxpayers to calculate their instalment amount based on the instalment rate provided by the ATO.
  3. Estimated tax: This method allows taxpayers to calculate their instalment amount based on their estimated tax liability for the financial year.

How to make PAYG instalment payments?

PAYG instalments are usually paid quarterly, with payment due dates in October, February, April, and July. There are several ways to make PAYG instalment payments, including:

  1. BPAY: This is a convenient and secure way to make payments using your bank's internet or mobile banking service. You will need to use the BPAY reference number provided by the ATO.
  2. Direct debit: This allows you to authorize the ATO to deduct your PAYG instalment payments directly from your bank account on the due date.
  3. Credit card: You can make PAYG instalment payments using your credit card through the ATO's online payment system.
  4. Cheque: You can also make payments by cheque, although this method is becoming less common.

What happens if you don't pay PAYG instalments?

If you fail to pay your PAYG instalments on time, you may be subject to penalties and interest charges. The ATO may also estimate your tax liability and issue a notice of assessment, which can result in a higher tax bill than if you had paid your instalments on time.

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Contact UsThis blog has been prepared for the purposes of general information and guidance only. It should not be used for specific advice or used for formulating decisions under any circumstances. If you would like specific advice about your own personal circumstances, please feel free to contact us on 02 9411 5422. We can help make sure the right method is used to give you the maximum possible tax deduction associated with any of these methods.